Non-enzymatic glycation of lens proteins and haemoglobin-inhibition by pyruvate: an in-vivo study
Devamanoharan PS, Ali AH, Varma SD.
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Maryland, Baltimore 21201, USA.
AIM: Previous studies have demonstrated that pyruvate can prevent protein glycation and oxidative stress under in-vitro conditions. The aim of this study was to examine the in-vivo effectiveness of this metabolite against glycation of lens crystallins and haemoglobin in galactosemic rats.
METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were maintained on a 30% or 50% galactose-containing diet in the absence or presence of 2% or 5% pyruvate in food and water, respectively. The animals were killed subsequently and the extent of glycation of lens crystallins and haemoglobin was determined using an affinity column chromatograpic technique.
RESULTS: Maintenance of rats on the high galactose diet resulted in a significant increase in glycation of both the proteins. The increase was faster and more substantial in the animals maintained on the 50% galactose diet than that in the animals fed a 30% galactose diet. The increase in the latter was also very significant. Supplementation with pyruvate inhibited the process.
CONCLUSION: The inhibition is attributable to a competitive binding of pyruvate to the protein NH2 groups as well as to the antioxidant effect of the compound. The studies therefore suggest that this and other alpha-keto-acids may be physiologically useful in minimizing glycation and oxidative stress induced tissue pathology by the hyperglycaemic conditions, such as diabetes and galactosemia. The results are also considered pharmacologically significant.